From the very beginning, the Institute was meant to become an integrated research facility capable to solve every problem in every field connected with aircraft creation and production. The Institute's versatility manifested itself most clearly during the development of flight control and navigation complexes, interception complexes, radio communication, and various electronic systems. The experiments are carried out using both prototype aircraft and custom-built flying laboratories.
“The experiments are carried out using both prototype aircraft and custom-built flying laboratories.”
For example, the experiments for the creation of flight control and navigation complexes were performed using fourteen types of aircraft. The Institute has solved the problem of complexification of various individual navigation and flight control devices and instruments into a unified system to aid aeronavigation. Unification of flight control and navigation equipment was effected, unitized base complexes were created, and the ideology of base flight control and navigation complexes for different classes of aircraft was developed.
In the 60s,the first domestic system of this kind was created,the Unified System of Automatic Air-Traffic Control,Navigation and Landing for Military and Civil Aircraft (The Polyot system).Using the flying labs based on IL-18 and An-24 planes,the issues of automated aeronavigation were developed for the main flight stages :from climb to landing approach at 40 to 60 meters of altitude.Later,these results allowed to solve the same problems for Il-62,Il-76, and Tu-144 aircraft.
It resulted in devising new configurations of actuator mechanisms, development of the systems with improved stability and controllability, automatic landing mode including touchdown, and methods of landing minimum determination. A number of autopilots and automatic flight control systems were also developed. A close attention was paid to full-scale investigation of special purpose systems: airborne radars, sensory and communication systems, counteraction systems, and components of weapon control systems. More than a score of flying labs were equipped and used for the investigation and solution of the most relevant issues concerning creation of these systems.