Летно-исследовательский институт
имени М.М. Громова

Space Flights

Because of the unique experience accumulated by the Institute during all the years of its theoretical and experimental activities it was invited to participate in preparation and development of space flights.
The institute devised the basic principles of re-entering object's recovery, and developed recovery systems and soft-landing instrument containers.When R-1 and R-2 rockets were launched with test animals , they had the Institute's aerodynamic models mounted upon their rocket heads, as well as the equipment belonging to the institutes of Academy of sciences.

"The Flying Laboratory, developed in the Institute jointly with the Tupolev Design Bureau on the base of the Tu-104 airplane was utilized for zero gravity conduction research."

The Flying Laboratory, developed in the Institute jointly with the Tupolev Design Bureau on the base of the Tu-104 airplane was utilized for zero gravity conduction research.Experiments were carries out to evaluate the effects of weightlessness upon pilots, as well as experiments with animals, testing of various equipment, and cosmonaut training which used a dummy airlock to simulate extravehicular activity.
The Institute made a great contribution in the development of cosmonaut survival systems and developed indication aids and equipment for the cosmonaut's descent vehicle workspace.
All of the first Russian cosmonauts received their training on the Institute developed space flight simulator, which represented a mock-up of "Vostok"descent spacecraft.
In order to develop flight control systems for a lunar lander, comprehensive research was carried out on In-flight Simulators based on Mi-4 helicopter.
From early 1940s, the Institute's experts kept trying to solve the problems concerning super- and hypersonic flights. The BOR-2,BOR-3,BOR-4, and BOR-5 experimental flight complexes were developed , which allowed conducting aerothermodynamic research , the testing of hypersonic aircraft aerodynamics and structure component heat protection.
Much work has been done at the Institute to ensure success of the Buran aerospace vehicle missions.In 1978, a team of test pilots was organized to train as the pilot for reusable vehicle piloting.The flight control system of the Buran orbit in the manual and automatic modes was flight simulated on In-flight Simulators reproducing the Buran's flight dynamics.The Institute successfully completed the flight test of the Buran's full-scale analog featuring an aircraft-like take-off and landing.
On November 15, 1988, the unique space transportation system "Energia" was launched carrying the Buran reusable ship.Implementing the mission profile, the ship became the first in space exploration history to land in the fully automatic mode.


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